1. CONSTRUCTION OF COMMUNITY TECHNICAL COLLEGES
A Community Technical College is a training institution which prepares students for a specific trade or career whose educational facilities are available to youth and other members of the community. The Malawi Government identified establishment of community technical colleges as a way of increasing access to Technical, Entrepreneurial and Vocational Education and Training (TEVET) by out-of-school youth and adults who fail to make it to formal TEVET due to limited capacity and restrictive entry requirements.  Community colleges have also been designed to support students still learning in secondary schools.
1.1 Background
In Malawi, unemployment is prevalent and the rural sector that is predominantly dependent on agriculture, harbors most of the unemployed.  In rural sector, farming is seen to be the main activity due to lack of exposure to other productive activities by its population.
A large percentage of the rural population is migrating into towns and cities in search of jobs which unfortunately are very limited. The majority of the migrants have no employable skills that can enable them get the limited jobs on the labour market. As a result, most of them engage in social ills such as crime, drug abuse, prostitution and vandalism. To deal with these challenges, Government intends to establish community technical colleges in each district to offer productive knowledge and skills relevant to unemployed youth. The community colleges will assist their graduates to become self-employed, and also allow them to proceed towards attainment of higher qualifications. The project is expected to be finalized in 2022-2023 financial year.
1.2 Overall Goal
The overall goal of the project is to reduce the prevalence of unemployment among unskilled and unproductive youth.
1.3 Project Purpose
  • To increase access to technical and vocational training by establishing community technical colleges in 28 districts thereby contributing to sustainable economic development
1.4 Projects Outcomes
  • Increased access to Technical and Vocational Training by the rural masses
  • Enhanced employability among the youth
1.5 Projects Outputs
  • Community Colleges Rehabilitated
  • Community Colleges Constructed
  • Training tools and equipment procured
  • Training Curricula developed
  • Business Incubators developed
  • Technical Teachers and staff recruited and trained
1.6 Project Beneficiaries
The project is targeting the rural youth to benefit from reduced cost of training. The project will also provide increased access to TEVET by rural women and people with disabilities who cannot access urban training centers. This will lead to enhanced skills base of rural communities which will be utilized by the communities in development projects and establishment of enterprises.
1.7 Community Technical Colleges Completed and under Construction
Through this project, 15 Community Technical Colleges have been completed and are operational, while 5 community technical colleges are under construction.
  1. Community Technical Colleges Completed and Operational
  • Kasama Community Technical College in Chitipa
  • Ngara Community Technical College in Karonga
  • Ezondweni Community Technical College in Mzimba
  • Mbandira Community Technical College in Nkhotakota
  • Mponela Community Technical College in Dowa
  • Kapondo Community Technical College in Mchinji
  • Chongoni Community Technical College in Dedza
  • Chilobwe Community Technical College in Blantyre
  • Thumbwe Community Technical College in Chiradzulu
  • Naminjiwa Community Technical College in Phalombe
  • Mangochi Community Technical College in Mangochi
  • Milonga Community Technical College in Thyolo
  • Aida Chilembwe Community Technical College in Chiradzulu
  • Khwisa Community Technical College in Balaka
  • Salima Community Technical College in Salima
    
  1. Community Technical Colleges under Construction
  • Machinga Community Technical College
  • Thyolo Community Technical College
  • Nsoni Community Technical College in Chiradzulu
  • Nkhotakota Community Technical College
  • Nkhatabay Community Technical College
  1. GRADUATE INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME (GIP)
Graduate Internship Programme (GIP) is a government initiative which provides work-integrated experience to graduates under the age of 35 in order to improve their employability. Every year, youth graduates who are not working are allocated to various government Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) to work as interns. As of December 2021, a total of 8760 graduates have been engaged into the programme in 5 different cohorts.
2.1 Background
Malawi is faced with high unemployment levels particularly amongst the youth population which stands at 23% (Malawi Labour Force Survey 2013). While the contributing factors to this state of affairs are many and varied, the single most significant factor especially among the youth is the lack of practical work-based experience. Every year, thousands of young people graduate from post school institutions and universities with certificates, diplomas and degrees from a wide range of academic and technical disciplines. However, their preparation for after-school work and life is generally low, leading to a sense of frustration.
Despite availability of vacancies in some industries, job seekers could not be employed because of not having the required skills, as there is skills mismatch between what is taught in colleges and what is required by industries. Skills development must now consider the changing world of work, which offers new opportunities as well as challenges. Government therefore started implementing the graduate internship programme in 2018/2019 fiscal year to provide work-integrated experience to graduates under the age of 35 in order to improve their employability.
2.2 Objectives
The overall objective of the internship programme is to provide the youth graduates with opportunity to gain experience in the world of work. Specifically, the programme aims to:
  1. Facilitate skills transfer to youth graduates
  2. Provide hands-on experience to build upon skills learned in the classroom
  • Mentor and mould graduates into a productive and disciplined workforce
  1. Inculcate discipline, commitment and good work ethic among the youth
  2. Enhance youth employability by creating clear linkages between education, training and work
2.3 Eligibility
GIP are open to unemployed young people under 35 years of age with graduate qualifications (degree holders)
  • Length of service
 The period of service for Internship Programme is a maximum of 12 months. However, an intern can exit at any time should he/she receive an offer of permanent employment or self-employment or for whatever reasons communicated to the host organizations and administrators of the programme.
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